|Health and Nutrition||Early Care and Education||Parenting and Economic Supports|
State Choices to Promote Access
Monthly child care co-payment fees as a percent of income for a family of three with one child in care, 20121
- Set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. 1
A family of three is eligible up to $30,600, or 160% FPL. This reflects a decrease from 163% FPL in 2011.
- Child care subsidy reimbursement rate meets the recommended 75th percentile of the market rate for two consecutive years 1
- Redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year 3
- Fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. 4
$9,223,883 for prekindergarten
- State supplements Early Head Start 5
State Choices to Promote Quality
- Require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. 6
Child care regulations require one adult for every 15 children, and there is no maximum class size.
- Require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. 6
Child care regulations require one adult for every 6 children, and there is no maximum class size.
- Allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. 7
- Have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. 8
- State has adopted Common Core Standards 9
NCCP believes that Common Core State Standards should be used in conjunction with guidelines for social emotional learning.
- Have an infant/toddler credential. 7
- Require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. 10
- Have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) 11
- State has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level
State has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level 12
State has some SEL goals or benchmarks integrated in academic standards
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: September 16, 2013
Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2012. Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. 2011. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2011 Reading Assessment. http://nces.ed.gov (accessed August 15, 2013).
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. 2010. Report of State and Territory Plans, FY 2010 - 2011. http://nccic.acf.hhs.gov (Accessed February 23, 2010)
- Barnett, W.S.; Carolan, M.E.; Fitzgerald, J.; Squires, J.H. 2012. The State of Preschool 2012. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. http://nieer.org (accessed September 9, 2013).
- Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
- National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America’s Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
- Lim, Teresa; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2011. Charting Progress for Babies in Child Care Project: Expand Monitoring and Technical Assistance. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
- National Infant and Toddler Child Care InitativeInfant/Toddler Early Learning Guidelines Factsheet2011. http://www.zerotothree.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2012.In the States.Washington, DC: National Governors Association and Council of Chief State School Officers. http://www.corestandards.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- National Association for Regulatory Administration and the National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. 2010.The 2008 Child Care Licensing Study: Final Report. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed August 16, 2010).
- QRIS National Learning Network. 2013. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://qrisnetwork.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
- CASEL. 2011. SEL in Your State: State Scan http://casel.org (accessed August 15, 2013).