Since you are looking at this site with an older browser, you will not be able to see any graphics or formatting. For better results, please upgrade your browser.

State Choices to Promote Access

Monthly child care co-payment fees as a
percent of income for a family of three 
with one child in care, 2016


National Assessment of Educational
Progress (NAEP) fourth grade math and
reading scores, 2015


  • Set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL [2016]1
    A family of three qualifies for assistance at $33,168 or 165% FPL. This reflects an increase from 163% FPL in 2015.
  • Child care subsidy reimbursement rate meets the recommended 75th percentile of the market rate [2014]3
  • Redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [FY 2015]4
    Eligibility redetermined every six months.
  • State supplements Early Head Start [2012]5
  • Fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start [FY 2015]6
    $35,829,787 for pre-kindergarten
  • Require districts to offer full day kindergarten [2014]7
    Requires districts to offer half day kindergarten

State Choices to Promote Quality

  • Require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers [2013]8
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 6 children, and there is no maximum class size.
  • Allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers [2013]9
  • Have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers [2016]10
  • Have an infant/toddler credential [2014]11
  • Require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver [FY 2013]12
  • Require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers [2013]8
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 15 children, and there is no maximum class size.
  • Have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) [2017]13
  • Require one teacher for every 18 students in Kindergarten classrooms [2013]14
    Not specified in statute.
  • State has adopted Common Core Standards [2015]15
    NCCP believes that Common Core State Standards should be used in conjunction with guidelines for social emotional learning.
  • State has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level [2015]16

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. Schulman, K., & Blank, H. (2016). Red Light Green Light: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2016. National Women's Law Center. (accessed December 14, 2016). Parents at 150% FPL ineligible in the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, MD, and MT.
  2. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2015 Math and Reading Assessment. (accessed November 10, 2015).
  3. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2014. Turning the Corner: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2014. National Women's Law Center. (accessed March 3, 2015).
  4. Stevens, K., Minton, S., Blatt, L., & Giannarelli, L. (2016). The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables: Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2015. OPRE Report 2016-94. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (accessed February 22, 2017).
  5. Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. (2012). Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. (accessed August 15, 2013).
  6. Barnett, W. S., Friedman-Krauss, A. H., Gomez, R. E., Horowitz, M., Weisenfeld, G. G., & Squires, J. H. (2016). The State of Preschool 2015: State Preschool Yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. (accessed December 12, 2016).
  7. Education Commission of the States. (2014). Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. (accessed March 3, 2015).
  8. National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. (2013). We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. (accessed August 14, 2013).
  9. Schmit, S., Matthews, H., CLASP. (2013). Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies. (accessed April 2, 2014).
  10. Administration for Children & Families, Office of Child Care. (2016). State/Territory Early Learning Guidelines. (accessed February 3, 2017).
  11. Administration for Children & Families, National Center on Child Care Professional Development Systems and Workforce Initiatives (PDW Center). (2014). State/Territory Infant/Toddler Credential Overview, April 2014. (accessed September 2, 2015)
  12. National Association for Regulatory Administration. (2014). The 50-State Child Care Licensing Study, 2011-2013 Edition. (accessed April 8, 2014).
  13. QRIS National Learning Network. (2017). Current Status of QRIS in the States map. (accessed February 7, 2017).
  14. Education Commission of the States. (2013). Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. (accessed April 7, 2014).
  15. Achieve. (2015). Closing the Expectations Gap: 2013 Annual Report on the Alignment of State K-12 Policies and Practice with the Demands of College and Careers. (accessed March 24, 2015).
  16. CASEL. 2015. SEL in Your State: State Scan (accessed March 16, 2015).