|Health and Nutrition||Early Care and Education||Parenting and Economic Supports|
State Choices to Promote Access
- Set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. 1
A family of three is eligible up to $27,804, or 146% FPL. This reflects a decrease from 148% FPL in 2011.
- Child care subsidy reimbursement rate meets the recommended 75th percentile of the market rate for two consecutive years 1
- Redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year 2
- Fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. 3
$398,200,356 for prekindergarten
State Choices to Promote Quality
- Require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. 4
Child care regulations require one adult for every 20 children, and there is no maximum class size.
- Require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. 4
Child care regulations require one adult for every 6 children, and there is no maximum class size.
- Allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. 5
Allocate CCDF funds to finance ITSN.
- Have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. 6
- State has adopted Common Core Standards 7
NCCP believes that Common Core State Standards should be used in conjunction with guidelines for social emotional learning.
- Have an infant/toddler credential. 8
- Require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. 9
- Have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) 10
QRIS is being piloted
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: February 21, 2013
Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2012. Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. 2010. Report of State and Territory Plans, FY 2010 - 2011. http://nccic.acf.hhs.gov (Accessed February 23, 2010)
- Barnett, W.S., Carolan, M.E., Fitzgerald, J., & Squires, J.H. 2011. The State of Preschool 2011: State Preschool Yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. http://nieer.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2011.We can do Better: NACCRRA's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed May 21, 2012).
- National Infant and Toddler Child Care Initiative. 2010. Infant/Toddler Specialist Network Fact Sheet . http://nitcci.nccic.acf.hhs.gov (accessed August 3, 2011).
- National Infant and Toddler Child Care InitativeInfant/Toddler Early Learning Guidelines Factsheet2011. http://www.zerotothree.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2012.In the States.Washington, DC: National Governors Association and Council of Chief State School Officers. http://www.corestandards.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
- National Infant and Toddler Child Care Initiative. 2010. Infant/Toddler Credential Fact Sheet. Personal Communication.
- National Association for Regulatory Administration and the National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. 2010.The 2008 Child Care Licensing Study: Final Report. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed August 16, 2010).
- NCCP contacted the New Hampshire Bright Stars programs and was informed that it is not a QRIS program. NCCP could not find confirmatory evidence beyond NCCIC that DC Gold Stars program is still active. DC Action for Children reported that the district does not have a QRIS program (http://www.dcactionforchildren.org).
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. 2010 States and Communities Operating, Piloting, or Exploring or Designing a Quality Rating and Improvement System nccic.acf.hhs.gov/qrisresourceguide/?do=qrisstate (accessed August 16, 2010).