Section 8 Housing Vouchers
Section 8 housing vouchers are federal benefits that are distributed by local authorities. Income eligibility limits and benefit levels are based on local median income and local housing costs but are set largely at the federal level with limited local discretion. [More detail and national data...]
Federal decisions are italicized.
Income eligibility criteria
|Applicant income limit1||Generally 50% of area median income (AMI), but can be up to 80% in some cases; 75% of new vouchers must go to families with incomes below 30% AMI. (2001)|
|Recipient income limit1||Current recipients maintain vouchers until their income reaches a level at which the value of their housing subsidy is reduced to $0 (housing subsidies are calculated based on family income, housing costs, and other factors). (2001)|
Treatment of child support income
|Treatment of child support income1||Counted in full (2001)|
Asset eligibility criteria
|Assets disregarded for eligibility determination1||Yes (2001)|
Immigrant eligibility criteria
|Federal restrictions on lawful permanent residents' (LPRs) access to benefits2||None (2004)|
|Work requirements1||None (2001)|
|Housing payment standard1||Local public housing authorities set maximum payment standards for landlords at 90-110% of the local Fair Market Rent (FMR). FMRs, which are determined by HUD, are set at the 40th or 50th percentile of the local market rate for rent plus utilities. (2001)|
Cost to family
|Family rent burden1||The family's contribution to rent and utilities generally equals the greater of 30% of net income, 10% of gross income, or the minimum rent (local public housing authorities may set a minimum rent of $0-$50/month). (2001)|
Number of recipients
|Number of recipients (households w/ children)3||25,897 households (2004)|
|Total spending on all households (federal)||Data not available (2004)|
Data Notes and Sources
Data on Section 8 Housing Vouchers were compiled by NCCP in June 2004.
- Quadel Consulting Corporation, Voucher Program Guidebook: Housing Choice, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Public and Indian Housing, 2001.
- National Immigration Law Center, Guide to Immigrant Eligibility for Federal Programs, Fourth Edition, 2002; with updates from Update Page, www.nilc.org/pubs/Guide_update.htm (accessed November 1, 2004).
- U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Resident Characteristics Report: As of December 31, 2004, Multifamily Tenant Characteristics System, http://www.hud.gov (accessed January 28, 2005).