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Early Childhood Profile

Health and NutritionEarly Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports

State Choices to Promote Access

Monthly child care co-payment fees as a
percent of income for a family of three with
one child in care, 2013

Monthly child care co-payment fees as a percent of income for a family of three with one child in care, 20131

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
 fourth grade math and reading scores

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) fourth grade math and reading scores2

  • Set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. [2013]1
    A family of three qualifies for assistance at $23,880, or 122% FPL. This reflects a decrease from 125% FPL in 2012.
  • Child care subsidy reimbursement rate meets the recommended 75th percentile of the market rate for two consecutive years [2013]1
  • Redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [FY 2012]3
  • Supplement Early Head Start [2012]4
  • Fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. [2012]5
    $104,275,000 for prekindergarten and 7,500,000 for Head Start
  • Require districts to offer full day kindergarten [2013]6
    Requires districts to offer half day kindergarten

State Choices to Promote Quality

  • Require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. [2013]7
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 4 children, and the maximum class size is 12.
  • Allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. [2013]8
  • Have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. [2013]8
  • Have an infant/toddler credential. [2013]8
  • Require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. [FY 2013]9
  • Require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. [2013]7
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 12 children, and there is no maximum class size.
  • Have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) [2013]10
  • Require one teacher for every 18 students in kindergarten classrooms [2013]6
    Not specified in statute.
  • Has adopted Common Core Standards [2013]11
    NCCP believes that Common Core State Standards should be used in conjunction with guidelines for social emotional learning.
  • Has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level [2011]12
    State has some SEL goals or benchmarks integrated in academic standards
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: June 4, 2014

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2013. Pivot Point: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2013. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
  2. *Fourth-grade students performing at the Proficient level in math should consistently apply integrated procedural knowledge and conceptual understanding to problem solving in the five NAEP content areas. http://nces.ed.gov
    *Fourth-grade students performing at the Proficient level in reading should be able to integrate and interpret texts and apply their understanding of the text to draw conclusions and make evaluations. http://nces.ed.gov
    **The state's average NAEP score for children eligible for school lunch.
    ***The state's average NAEP score for children not eligible for school lunch.
    U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. 2011. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2011 Reading Assessment. http://nces.ed.gov (accessed August 15, 2013).
  3. Minton, Sarah; Durham, Christin; Huber, Erika; Giannarelli, Linda. 2013. The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables: Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2012. OPRE Report 2013-22. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed April 7, 2014).
  4. Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  5. Barnett, W.S.; Carolan, M.E.; Fitzgerald, J.; Squires, J.H. 2012. The State of Preschool 2012. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. http://nieer.org (accessed September 9, 2013).
  6. Education Commission of the States. 2013. Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed April 7, 2014).
  7. National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
  8. Schmit, Stephanie; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2013. Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies. http://www.clasp.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
  9. National Association for Regulatory Administration. 2014.The 50-State Child Care Licensing Study, 2011-2013 Edition. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed April 8, 2014).
  10. QRIS National Learning Network. 2013. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://qrisnetwork.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  11. Achieve. 2013. Closing the Expectations Gap: 2013 Annual Report on the Alignment of State K-12 Policies and Practice with the Demands of College and Careers. http://www.achieve.org (accessed April 7, 2014).
  12. CASEL. 2011. SEL in Your State: State Scan http://casel.org (accessed August 15, 2013).