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Early Childhood Profile

Health and NutritionEarly Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports

State Choices to Promote Access

Monthly child care co-payment fees as a
percent of income for a family of three with
one child in care, 2014

Monthly child care co-payment fees as a percent of income for a family of three with one child in care, 20141

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
 fourth grade math and reading scores

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) fourth grade math and reading scores2

  • Set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. [2014]1
    A family of three qualifies for assistance at $23,880, or 121% FPL. This reflects a decrease from 122% FPL in 2013.
  • Child care subsidy reimbursement rate meets the recommended 75th percentile of the market rate [2014]1
  • Redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [FY 2013]2
  • State supplements Early Head Start [2012]3
  • Fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. [2013]4
    $104,275,000 for prekindergarten and 7,500,000 for Head Start
  • Requires districts to offer full day kindergarten [2014]5
    Requires districts to offer half day kindergarten

State Choices to Promote Quality

  • Require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. [2013]6
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 4 children, and the maximum class size is 12.
  • Allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. [2013]7
  • Have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. [2013]7
  • Have an infant/toddler credential. [2013]7
  • Require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. [FY 2013]8
  • Require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. [2013]6
    Child care regulations require one adult for every 12 children, and there is no maximum class size.
  • Have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) [2015]9
  • Requires one teacher for every 18 students in Kindergarten classrooms [2013]10
    Not specified in statute.
  • State has adopted Common Core Standards [2015]11
    NCCP believes that Common Core State Standards should be used in conjunction with guidelines for social emotional learning.
  • State has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level [2015]12
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2014. Turning the Corner: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2014. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed March 3, 2015).
    Note: Families not eligible at 150% FPL for the following states: AL, GA, ID, IA, KY, MI, MT, NE, and NV. Families in KY also ineligible at 100% FPL.
  2. *Fourth-grade students performing at the Proficient level in math should consistently apply integrated procedural knowledge and conceptual understanding to problem solving in the five NAEP content areas. http://nces.ed.gov
    *Fourth-grade students performing at the Proficient level in reading should be able to integrate and interpret texts and apply their understanding of the text to draw conclusions and make evaluations. http://nces.ed.gov
    **The state's average NAEP score for children eligible for school lunch.
    ***The state's average NAEP score for children not eligible for school lunch.
    U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. 2013. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2013 Reading Assessment. http://nces.ed.gov (accessed March 3, 2015).
  3. Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  4. Barnett, W.S., Carolan, M.E., Squires, J.H., Clarke Brown, K. 2013.The state of preschool 2013: State preschool yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research.
  5. Education Commission of the States. 2014. Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed March 3, 2015).
  6. National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
  7. Schmit, Stephanie; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2013. Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies. http://www.clasp.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
  8. National Association for Regulatory Administration. 2014.The 50-State Child Care Licensing Study, 2011-2013 Edition. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed April 8, 2014).
  9. QRIS National Learning Network. 2015. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://www.qrisnetwork.org (accessed March 16, 2015).
  10. Education Commission of the States. 2013. Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed April 7, 2014).
  11. Achieve. 2015. Closing the Expectations Gap: 2013 Annual Report on the Alignment of State K-12 Policies and Practice with the Demands of College and Careers. http://www.achieve.org (accessed March 24, 2015).
  12. CASEL. 2015. SEL in Your State: State Scan http://www.casel.org (accessed March 16, 2015).