State Choices to Promote Access
- 13 states set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. 1
- 1 state 2
- 29 states redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [FY2014]3
- 23 states state supplements Early Head Start 4
- 41 states fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. [FY2014]5
- 12 states requires districts to offer full day kindergarten 6
State Choices to Promote Quality
- 7 states require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. 7
- 26 states allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. 8
- 51 states have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. 9
- 28 states have an infant/toddler credential. 10
- 23 states require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. [FY 2013]11
- 15 states require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. 7
- 40 states have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) 12
- 8 states requires one teacher for every 18 students in Kindergarten classrooms 13
- 44 states state has adopted Common Core Standards 14
- 4 states state has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level [FY2015]15
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: May 13, 2015
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- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. Http://www.nwlc.org (accessed November 11, 2015). Families not eligible at 150% FPL for the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, KY, MD, MI, MT, NE and NV.
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2014. Turning the Corner: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2014. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed March 3, 2015).
- Minton, Sarah; Stevens, Kathryn, Stevens; Blatt, Lorraine; and Durham, Christin. 2015. The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables: Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2014. OPRE Report 2015-95. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Http://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed February 18, 2016).
- Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
- Barnett, W.S., Carolan, M.E., Squires, J.H., Clarke Brown, K., & Horowitz, M. (2015). The state of preschool 2014: State preschool yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. (accessed February 29, 2016)
- Education Commission of the States. 2014. Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed March 3, 2015).
- National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
- Schmit, Stephanie; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2013. Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies. http://www.clasp.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
- Administration for Children & Families, Office of Child Care. 2014. State/Territory Early Learning Guidelines. https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov (accessed September 3, 2015)
- Administration for Children & Families, National Center on Child Care Professional Development Systems and Workforce Initiatives (PDW Center). 2014. State/Territory Infant/Toddler Credential Overview, April 2014. https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov (accessed September 2, 2015)
- National Association for Regulatory Administration. 2014.The 50-State Child Care Licensing Study, 2011-2013 Edition. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed April 8, 2014).
- QRIS National Learning Network. 2015. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://www.qrisnetwork.org (accessed March 16, 2015).
- Education Commission of the States. 2013. Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed April 7, 2014).
- Achieve. 2015. Closing the Expectations Gap: 2013 Annual Report on the Alignment of State K-12 Policies and Practice with the Demands of College and Careers. http://www.achieve.org (accessed March 24 2015).
- Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL). 2015. Identifying K-12 Standards for SEL in all 50 States. http://www.casel.org (accessed February 18, 2016).