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Early Childhood Profile

Health and NutritionEarly Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports

State Choices to Promote Access

  • 11 states set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. [2012]1
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  • 1 state [2012]1
  • 25 states redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [2010]2
  • 41 states fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. [2012]3
  • 23 states state supplements Early Head Start [2012]4

State Choices to Promote Quality

  • 15 states require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. [2013]5
  • 7 states require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. [2013]5
  • 26 states allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. [2011]6
  • 38 states have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. [2011]7
  • 46 states state has adopted Common Core Standards [2012]8
  • 22 states have an infant/toddler credential. [2011]6
  • 23 states require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. [2008]9
  • 38 states have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) [2013]10
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  • 1 state [2011]11
  

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: September 16, 2013

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2012. Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. 2010. Report of State and Territory Plans, FY 2010 - 2011. http://nccic.acf.hhs.gov (Accessed February 23, 2010)
  3. Barnett, W.S.; Carolan, M.E.; Fitzgerald, J.; Squires, J.H. 2012. The State of Preschool 2012. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. http://nieer.org (accessed September 9, 2013).
  4. Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  5. National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America’s Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://www.naccrra.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
  6. Lim, Teresa; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2011. Charting Progress for Babies in Child Care Project: Expand Monitoring and Technical Assistance. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  7. National Infant and Toddler Child Care InitativeInfant/Toddler Early Learning Guidelines Factsheet2011. http://www.zerotothree.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
  8. Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2012.In the States.Washington, DC: National Governors Association and Council of Chief State School Officers. http://www.corestandards.org (accessed February 1, 2013).
  9. National Association for Regulatory Administration and the National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. 2010.The 2008 Child Care Licensing Study: Final Report. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed August 16, 2010).
  10. QRIS National Learning Network. 2013. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://qrisnetwork.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
  11. CASEL. 2011. SEL in Your State: State Scan http://casel.org (accessed August 15, 2013).