State Choices to Promote Access
- 9 states set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL 1
- 1 state 2
- 32 states redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [FY 2015]3
- 23 states state supplements Early Head Start 4
- 44 states fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start [FY 2015]5
- 12 states require districts to offer full day kindergarten 6
State Choices to Promote Quality
- 7 states require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers 7
- 26 states allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers 8
- 45 states have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers 9
- 28 states have an infant/toddler credential 10
- 23 states require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver [FY 2013]11
- 15 states require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers 7
- 40 states have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) 12
- 8 states require one teacher for every 18 students in Kindergarten classrooms 13
- 44 states state has adopted Common Core Standards 14
- 3 states state has comprehensive, free-standing standards for social emotional learning at the K-12 level 15
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: May 13, 2015
Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.
- Schulman, K., & Blank, H. (2016). Red Light Green Light: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2016. National Women's Law Center. https://nwlc.org (accessed December 14, 2016). Parents at 150% FPL ineligible in the following states: AL, AR, GA, ID, IA, MD, and MT.
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2014. Turning the Corner: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2014. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed March 3, 2015).
- Stevens, K., Minton, S., Blatt, L., & Giannarelli, L. (2016). The CCDF Policies Database Book of Tables: Key Cross-State Variations in CCDF Policies as of October 1, 2015. OPRE Report 2016-94. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed February 22, 2017).
- Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. (2012). Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. http://www.clasp.org (accessed August 15, 2013).
- Barnett, W. S., Friedman-Krauss, A. H., Gomez, R. E., Horowitz, M., Weisenfeld, G. G., & Squires, J. H. (2016). The State of Preschool 2015: State Preschool Yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. http://nieer.org (accessed December 12, 2016).
- Education Commission of the States. (2014). Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed March 3, 2015).
- National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. (2013). We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America's Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. http://usa.childcareaware.org (accessed August 14, 2013).
- Schmit, S., Matthews, H., CLASP. (2013). Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies. http://www.clasp.org (accessed April 2, 2014).
- Administration for Children & Families, Office of Child Care. (2016). State/Territory Early Learning Guidelines. https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov (accessed February 3, 2017).
- Administration for Children & Families, National Center on Child Care Professional Development Systems and Workforce Initiatives (PDW Center). (2014). State/Territory Infant/Toddler Credential Overview, April 2014. https://childcareta.acf.hhs.gov (accessed September 2, 2015)
- National Association for Regulatory Administration. (2014). The 50-State Child Care Licensing Study, 2011-2013 Edition. http://www.naralicensing.org (accessed April 8, 2014).
- QRIS National Learning Network. (2017). Current Status of QRIS in the States map. http://qrisnetwork.org (accessed February 7, 2017).
- Education Commission of the States. (2013). Early Learning: Kindergarten Online Database. http://ecs.force.com (accessed April 7, 2014).
- Achieve. (2015). Closing the Expectations Gap: 2013 Annual Report on the Alignment of State K-12 Policies and Practice with the Demands of College and Careers. http://www.achieve.org (accessed March 24, 2015).
- CASEL. 2015. SEL in Your State: State Scan http://www.casel.org (accessed March 16, 2015).