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Early Childhood Profile

Health and NutritionEarly Care and EducationParenting and Economic Supports

State Choices to Promote Access

  • 11 states set the income eligibility limit for child care subsidies at or above 200% FPL. [2012]1
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  • 1 state [2012]1
  • 25 states redetermine the eligibility for child care subsidies no more than once per year [2010]2
  • 41 states fund a pre-kindergarten program and/or supplement Head Start. [2012]3
  • 23 states state supplements Early Head Start [2012]4

State Choices to Promote Quality

  • 15 states require one adult for every 10 4-year-olds, and a maximum class size of 20 in child care centers. [2013]5
  • 7 states require one adult for every four 18-month-olds, and a maximum class size of eight in child care centers. [2013]5
  • 26 states allocate state or federal funds for a network of infant/toddler specialists that provide assistance to child care providers. [2011]6
  • 38 states have early learning standards or developmental guidelines for infants and toddlers. [2011]7
  • 46 states state has adopted Common Core Standards [2012]8
  • 22 states have an infant/toddler credential. [2011]6
  • 23 states require through regulation that infants and toddlers in child care centers be assigned a consistent primary caregiver. [2008]9
  • 38 states have implemented a statewide Quality Rating Improvement System (QRIS) [2013]10
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  • 1 state [2011]11

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: September 16, 2013

Send us recent developments to update your state's profile.

  1. Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2012. Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012. National Women's Law Center. (accessed February 1, 2013).
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. 2010. Report of State and Territory Plans, FY 2010 - 2011. (Accessed February 23, 2010)
  3. Barnett, W.S.; Carolan, M.E.; Fitzgerald, J.; Squires, J.H. 2012. The State of Preschool 2012. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute for Early Education Research. (accessed September 9, 2013).
  4. Colvard, Jamie; Schmit, Stephanie, Zero to Three and CLASP. 2012. Expanding Access to Early Head Start: State Initiatives for Infants and Toddlers at Risk. (accessed August 15, 2013).
  5. National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. 2013.We Can Do Better: Child Care Aware of America’s Ranking of State Child Care Center Regulations and Oversight. (accessed August 14, 2013).
  6. Lim, Teresa; Matthews, Hannah, CLASP. 2011. Charting Progress for Babies in Child Care Project: Expand Monitoring and Technical Assistance. (accessed August 15, 2013).
  7. National Infant and Toddler Child Care InitativeInfant/Toddler Early Learning Guidelines Factsheet2011. (accessed February 1, 2013).
  8. Common Core State Standards Initiative. 2012.In the States.Washington, DC: National Governors Association and Council of Chief State School Officers. (accessed February 1, 2013).
  9. National Association for Regulatory Administration and the National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center. 2010.The 2008 Child Care Licensing Study: Final Report. (accessed August 16, 2010).
  10. QRIS National Learning Network. 2013. Current Status of QRIS in the States map. (accessed August 15, 2013).
  11. CASEL. 2011. SEL in Your State: State Scan (accessed August 15, 2013).