State Choices to Promote Effective Parenting
- 28 states extends Medicaid coverage for family planning to otherwise ineligible low-income women 2
- 26 states exempts single parents on TANF from work requirements until the youngest child reaches age 1 [FY 2015]3
- 31 states reduces the TANF work requirement to 20 hours or less for single parents with children under age 6 [FY 2015]3
State Choices to Promote Family Economic Security
- 9 states established a state minimum wage that meets or exceeds $9.10/hr and is indexed to inflation 4
- 42 states exempts single-parent families of three below the federal poverty level from personal income tax 5
- 22 states offers a refundable state Earned Income Tax Credit 6
- 12 states offers a refundable state dependent care tax credit [FY 2015]7
- 26 states keeps copayments for child care subsidies below 10% of family income for families of three at 150% FPL 8
- 14 states offers exemptions and/or extensions of the TANF benefit time limit for women who are pregnant or caring for a child under age 6 [FY 2015]3
- 2 states has paid family leave for a minimum of 6 weeks with partial replacement of wages 9
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: May 13, 2015
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- National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
- Guttmacher Institute. (2017). State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. New York, NY: Guttmacher Institute. https://www.guttmacher.org (accessed February 8, 2017).
- Cohen, E., Minton, S., Thompson, M., Crowe, E., & Giannarelli, L. (2016). Welfare Rules Databook: State TANF Policies as of July 2015. OPRE Report 2016-67. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.acf.hhs.gov (accessed December 7, 2016).
- National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State minimum wages: 2016 minimum wages by state. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. http://www.ncsl.org (accessed February 18, 2016).
- National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), 50-State Policy Tracker. (2014) 50-State Data, Income Tax Liability. http://nccp.org(accessed June 23, 2017).
- Williams, E. (2017). States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy: State Earned Income Tax Credits, 2016. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. https://www.cbpp.org (accessed June 23, 2017).
- National Women's Law Center. 2016. State Child Care and Dependent Care, Tax Provisions, Tax Year 2015. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. https://nwlc.org (accessed December 6, 2016).
- Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen. 2015. Building Blocks State Child Care Assistance Policies 2015. National Women's Law Center. http://www.nwlc.org (accessed November 11, 2015).
- National Conference of State Legislatures. (2016). State Family Medical Leave and Parental Leave Laws. Washington, DC: National Conference of State Legislatures. Http://www.ncsl.org (accessed November 28, 2016).