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Demographics of Young, Poor Children

For 2011, the federal poverty level is $22,350 for a family of four. Children living in families with incomes below the federal poverty level are referred to as poor. But research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty level to meet their basic needs. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.

Young Children in New Jersey,
by Income Level, 2011

Young Children in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

In New Jersey, there are 460,996 families with 640,615 young children.

Young Poor Children: 17% (106,865) of young children live in poor families (National: 25%), defined as income below 100% of the federal poverty level.

Parental Employment

Parents' Employment Status in
New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Parents' Employment Status in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Education

Young Children in Poor Families in
New Jersey, by Parents' Education, 2011

Young Children in Poor Families in New Jersey, by Parents' Education, 2011

Parental Marital Status

Young Children in Single-Parent Families in
New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Young Children in Single-Parent Families in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

Young Children in Poor Families in
New Jersey, by Race, 2011

Young Children in Poor Families in New Jersey, by Race, 2011

Child’s Age

Young Children in Poor Families in
New Jersey, by Age, 2011

Young Children in Poor Families in New Jersey, by Age, 2011

Residential Move

Young Children Who Have Recently Moved in
New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Young Children Who Have Recently Moved in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Nativity

Young Children in Poor Families in
New Jersey, by Parents' Nativity, 2011

Young Children in Poor Families in New Jersey, by Parents' Nativity, 2011

Home Ownership

Young Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in
New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Young Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Presence

Young Children Living in Families with No Parent Present,
in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Young Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in New Jersey, by Income Level, 2011

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 20, 2013

* This estimate should be used with caution. It may be unreliable due to a small sample size.

** This estimate should be used with caution. It may be unreliable due to an extremely small sample size.

Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.

Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.

National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.

Definitions

The federal poverty guidelines are issued annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The demographic findings on this page were calculated using a more complex version of the federal poverty measure—the thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty measures, see The 2011 HHS Poverty Guidelines.

Low Income
Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
Parent
Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
Poor
Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty level for a family of four with two children was $22,350 in 2011, $22,050 in 2010, and $22,050 in 2009.
Young Child
A young child is defined as an individual under the age of 6. Children living in group quarters and children living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.

For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.