Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Young Child Risk Calculator

The risk factors used in this tool are known to increase the chance of poor health, school, and developmental outcomes for young children. Economic hardship paired with any of the listed risk factors may indicate a greater chance of poor outcomes. Children with three or more risks are exceptionally vulnerable. Information about the prevalence of young children experiencing these risks can inform policies aimed at improving outcomes for vulnerable children and reducing the number of children experiencing early risks.

Choose an age range






Choose an income level




Choose risk factors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

[Select all] [Select none]

There are 11,175,085 children under age 3 in the United States. 9% of them live in deep poverty. Scroll over graph to see the number of children experiencing a risk factor.







Source

National data were calculated from the 2018 American Community Survey, representing information from 2018. State data were calculated from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2014 to 2018.