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Early Childhood Profile

 OverviewHealth and Nutrition

State policies that promote health, education, and strong families can help the early development and school readiness of America's youngest citizens. This profile highlights Oregon's policy choices alongside other data related to the well-being of young children.

Health and Nutrition

States can support young children's development by making key policy choices in early health and development. This section of ITO highlights states' policy choices for supporting young children's wellbeing: 1) Access to and continuity of health care, including state Medicaid/CHIP eligibility levels and coverage of legal immigrant children; 2) Parents' access to health care, including for low-income pregnant women, and access to a medical home for young children; and 3) Preventive screening and assessment, including adherence to recommended schedules for well-child visits.

Early Care and Education

States make important decisions about the early care and education services they provide to young children and families. This section of ITO higlights states' key policy choices that affect children's development and parents' ability to work: 1) Access to childcare, including subsidy eligibility levels and reimbursement rates; and 2) States' investment in Head Start, Early Head Start, pre-kindergarten, child care centers' class size and student-teacher ratios and investment in infant/toddler specialist networks and credentials and Quality Rating Improvement Systems.

Parenting and Economic Supports

States make critical policy choices that help low-income parents effectively support young children's healthy development. This section of ITO spotlights states' policy choices related to important economic supports for low-income families with young children: 1) TANF requirements for parents of young children; and 2) Income support policies including tax relief, earned income and dependent care tax credits, as well as child support disregards.

  • Young children (under age 6)1: 273,535
Young children by income, 2012

Young children by income, 20121

Young children by race/ethnicity, 2012

Young children by race/ethnicity, 20121

Exposure to multiple risk factors among
young children, 2012*

Exposure to multiple risk factors among young children, 2012*1


 Health and Nutrition

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: June 4, 2014

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  1. National data were calculated from the 2012 American Community Survey, representing information from 2012. State data were calculated from the 2010-2012 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2012.