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Demographics of Low-Income Children

Research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty level to meet their most basic needs. Children living in families with incomes below this level—$44,700 for a family of four in 2011—are referred to as low income. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.

Children in Arkansas,
by Income Level, 2011

Children in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

In Arkansas, there are 369,917 families with 687,021 children.

Low-Income Children: 53% (364,312) of children live in low-income families (National: 45%), defined as income below 200% of the federal poverty level.

Parental Employment

Parents' Employment Status in
Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Parents' Employment Status in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Education

Children in Low-Income Families in
Arkansas, by Parents' Education, 2011

Children in Low-Income Families in Arkansas, by Parents' Education, 2011

Parental Marital Status

Children in Single-Parent Families in
Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Children in Single-Parent Families in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

Children in Low-Income Families in
Arkansas, by Race, 2011

Children in Low-Income Families in Arkansas, by Race, 2011

Child’s Age

Children in Low-Income Families in
Arkansas, by Age, 2011

Children in Low-Income Families in Arkansas, by Age, 2011

Type of Residential Area

Children in Low-Income Families in
Arkansas, by Residence, 2011

Children in Low-Income Families in Arkansas, by Residence, 2011

Residential Move

Children Who Have Recently Moved in
Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Children Who Have Recently Moved in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Nativity

Children in Low-Income Families in
Arkansas, by Parents' Nativity, 2011

Children in Low-Income Families in Arkansas, by Parents' Nativity, 2011

Home Ownership

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in
Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Parental Presence

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present,
in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in Arkansas, by Income Level, 2011

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 20, 2013

* This estimate should be used with caution. It may be unreliable due to a small sample size.

** This estimate should be used with caution. It may be unreliable due to an extremely small sample size.

Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.

Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.

National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.

Definitions

The federal poverty guidelines are issued annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The demographic findings on this page were calculated using a more complex version of the federal poverty measure—the thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty measures, see The 2011 HHS Poverty Guidelines.

Child
A child is defined as an individual under the age of 18. Children living independently, living with a spouse, living in group quarters, and children ages 14 and under living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.
Low Income
Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
Parent
Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
Poor
Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty level for a family of four with two children was $22,350 in 2011, $22,050 in 2010, and $22,050 in 2009.

For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.