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Demographics of Low-Income Children

Research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty threshold to meet their most basic needs. Children living in families with incomes below this level—$47,248 for a family of four with two children in 2013—are referred to as low income. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.

Children in New Mexico,
by Income Level, 2013

Children in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

In New Mexico, there are 243,339 families with 492,918 children.

Low-Income Children: 55% (272,984) of children live in low-income families (National: 44%)

Parental Employment

Parents' Employment Status in
New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Parents' Employment Status in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Parental Education

Children in Low-Income Families in
New Mexico, by Parents' Education, 2013

Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Parents' Education, 2013

Parental Marital Status

Children in Unmarried-Parent Families in
New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Children in Unmarried-Parent Families in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

Children in Low-Income Families in
New Mexico, by Race, 2013

Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Race, 2013

Child’s Age

Children in Low-Income Families in
New Mexico, by Age, 2013

Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Age, 2013

Residential Move

Children Who Have Recently Moved in
New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Children Who Have Recently Moved in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Parental Nativity

Children in Low-Income Families in
New Mexico, by Parents' Nativity, 2013

Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Parents' Nativity, 2013

Home Ownership

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in
New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Parental Presence

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present,
in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2013

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.

Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.

National data were calculated from the 2013 American Community Survey, representing information from 2013. State data were calculated from the 2011-2013 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2011 to 2013.

Definitions

The demographic findings on this page were calculated using federal poverty thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty thresholds, see the US Census website.

Child
A child is defined as an individual under the age of 18. Children living independently, living with a spouse, living in group quarters, and children ages 14 and under living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.
Low Income
Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
Parent
A parent is defined as an individual over the age of 17 who lives with a dependent child. Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
Poor
Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $23,624 in 2013, $23,283 in 2012, and $22,811 in 2011.

For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.