Demographics of Young, Low-Income Children
Research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty level to meet their most basic needs. Children living in families with incomes below this level—$44,700 for a family of four in 2011—are referred to as low income. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.
Young Children in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
In New Mexico, there are 116,515 families with 169,540 young children.
Young Low-Income Children: 57% (97,356) of young children live in low-income families (National: 49%), defined as income below 200% of the federal poverty level.
Parents' Employment Status in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
Young Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Parents' Education, 2011
Parental Marital Status
Young Children in Single-Parent Families in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
Young Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Race, 2011
Young Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Age, 2011
Type of Residential Area
Young Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Residence, 2011
Young Children Who Have Recently Moved in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
Young Children in Low-Income Families in New Mexico, by Parents' Nativity, 2011
Young Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
Young Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in New Mexico, by Income Level, 2011
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: May 20, 2013
Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.
Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.
National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
- Low Income
- Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
- Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
- Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty level for a family of four with two children was $22,350 in 2011, $22,050 in 2010, and $22,050 in 2009.
- Young Child
- A young child is defined as an individual under the age of 6. Children living in group quarters and children living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.
The federal poverty guidelines are issued annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The demographic findings on this page were calculated using a more complex version of the federal poverty measurethe thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty measures, see The 2011 HHS Poverty Guidelines.
For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.