Demographics of Poor Children
For 2011, the federal poverty level is $22,350 for a family of four. Children living in families with incomes below the federal poverty level are referred to as poor. But research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty level to meet their basic needs. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.
Children in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
In Pennsylvania, there are 1,474,504 families with 2,719,218 children.
Poor Children: 18% (490,291) of children live in poor families (National: 22%), defined as income below 100% of the federal poverty level.
Parents' Employment Status in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
Children in Poor Families in Pennsylvania, by Parents' Education, 2011
Parental Marital Status
Children in Single-Parent Families in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
Children in Poor Families in Pennsylvania, by Race, 2011
Children in Poor Families in Pennsylvania, by Age, 2011
Type of Residential Area
Children in Poor Families in Pennsylvania, by Residence, 2011
Children Who Have Recently Moved in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
Children in Poor Families in Pennsylvania, by Parents' Nativity, 2011
Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in Pennsylvania, by Income Level, 2011
Data Notes and Sources
Last Updated: May 20, 2013
Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.
Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.
National data were calculated from the 2011 American Community Survey, representing information from 2011. State data were calculated from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2009 to 2011.
- A child is defined as an individual under the age of 18. Children living independently, living with a spouse, living in group quarters, and children ages 14 and under living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.
- Low Income
- Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
- Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
- Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty level for a family of four with two children was $22,350 in 2011, $22,050 in 2010, and $22,050 in 2009.
The federal poverty guidelines are issued annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The demographic findings on this page were calculated using a more complex version of the federal poverty measurethe thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty measures, see The 2011 HHS Poverty Guidelines.
For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.