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Demographics of Low-Income Children

Research suggests that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty threshold to meet their most basic needs. Children living in families with incomes below this level—$46,566 for a family of four in 2012—are referred to as low income. The United States measures poverty by an outdated standard developed in the 1960s.

Children in West Virginia,
by Income Level, 2012

Children in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

In West Virginia, there are 202,900 families with 374,563 children.

Low-Income Children: 47% (175,470) of children live in low-income families (National: 45%), defined as income below 200% of the federal poverty level.

Parental Employment

Parents' Employment Status in
West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Parents' Employment Status in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Parental Education

Children in Low-Income Families in
West Virginia, by Parents' Education, 2012

Children in Low-Income Families in West Virginia, by Parents' Education, 2012

Parental Marital Status

Children in Unmarried-Parent Families in
West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Children in Unmarried-Parent Families in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

Children in Low-Income Families in
West Virginia, by Race, 2012

Children in Low-Income Families in West Virginia, by Race, 2012

Child’s Age

Children in Low-Income Families in
West Virginia, by Age, 2012

Children in Low-Income Families in West Virginia, by Age, 2012

Residential Move

Children Who Have Recently Moved in
West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Children Who Have Recently Moved in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Parental Nativity

Children in Low-Income Families in
West Virginia, by Parents' Nativity, 2012

Children in Low-Income Families in West Virginia, by Parents' Nativity, 2012

Home Ownership

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in
West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Children in Owner-Occupied Housing in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Parental Presence

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present,
in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Children Living in Families with No Parent Present, in West Virginia, by Income Level, 2012

Data Notes and Sources

Last Updated: May 2, 2014

Some graphs may not be shown because of extremely small sample sizes.

Because of rounding, not all figures will add up to 100%.

National data were calculated from the 2012 American Community Survey, representing information from 2012. State data were calculated from the 2010-2012 American Community Survey, representing information from the years 2010 to 2012.

Definitions

The demographic findings on this page were calculated using federal poverty thresholds issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. For more information about federal poverty thresholds, see the US Census website.

Child
A child is defined as an individual under the age of 18. Children living independently, living with a spouse, living in group quarters, and children ages 14 and under living with only unrelated adults are excluded from these data.
Low Income
Families and children are defined as low-income if the family income is less than twice the federal poverty threshold (see Poor).
Parent
A parent is defined as an individual over the age of 17. Among children who do not live with at least one parent, parental characteristics are those of the householder and/or the householder's spouse.
Poor
Families and children are defined as poor if family income is below the federal poverty threshold. The federal poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $23,283 in 2012, $22,811 in 2011, and $22,113 in 2010.

For definitions of other terms, please refer to Explanations of Terms and Data Sources.